Medications for Diabetes - Insulin

People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin. For many people with type 2 diabetes, insulin is the best way to control blood sugar. Different types of insulin work for different amounts of time.

When you are taking insulin there is a risk of getting a blood sugar that is too low. It is important to follow the directions for your insulin. It is also important to carry a box of juice and snack with you at all times. You can use this to treat a low blood sugar.

Name of insulin that I am taking: How it helps: How to take this insulin: Things to know: When I take this insulin:
Rapid - acting: Humalog Novalog Helps to bring down blood sugar after eating Take within 15 minutes of a meal If you mix with other insulin, draw up the Humulog of Novalog first, then the other insulin  
Short - acting: Regular Helps to bring down blood sugar after eating. Also used if you have slowed stomach emptying. Take 30 minutes before a meal. Do not inject if you are not going to eat a meal.  
Intermediate - acting: NPH Helps to control blood sugar for a longer period of time Usually taken before breakfast and before dinner Do not skip meals or wait too long between meals. Roll (don't shake) the bottle of NPH before drawing up into syringe  
Long - acting: Lantus Levemir Gives a slow, steady release of insulin called background insulin Take at the same time every day, usually at bedtime. Do not mix with any other insulins or use a syringe used for other insulins  
Mixed insulin: 70/30   Take 30 minutes before a meal. Do not inject if you are not going to eat a meal.