Preventing Burns

In the Kitchen

  • Keep pot handles turned away from the edges of the stove. If possible, cook on the back burners.
  • Coil appliance cords (irons, coffee pots, and crock pots) away from the edge of the counter as your child can grab the cords and pull hot food down on themselves.
  • Keep your children safe by creating a ”no zone“ in your kitchen while cooking.
  • Do not eat or drink hot food while holding small children on your lap.
  • Do not use tablecloths around small children as they can pull on them and hot food can spill on the child.
  • Never let children remove food or drinks from the microware, always do it fro them.
  • Keep a fire extinguisher available and in proper working order.
  • Contain grease fires with baking soda or flour- not water.

In the Bathroom

  • Set the hot water heater thermostat to 120 degrees or less to avoid a burn injury to a child.
  • Stir the bath water with your hand to avoid hot spots. If the water is too hot for your hand, it is too hot for your child.
  • Stay with your child at all times, it only takes a second for a child to turn on the hot water.

Around the House

  • Matches and lighters should be kept in a high, locked cupboard.
  • Teach your child that these objects are not toys and discuss fire hazards with your child.
  • Place floor heaters at least 4 feet away from furniture, curtains, and bedding.
  • Never place anything on top of an electrical heater or heater vent.
  • Test smoke detectors monthly and change batteries every six months (a good reminder is when the time changes).
  • Change your smoke detector every 8-10 years.
  • Develop an evacuation plan and practice monthly with your children. Establish a safe meeting place outside the home.
  • Keep a fire extinguisher available and in proper working order in the kitchen and garage.

Flammable liquids

  • Gasoline is only to be used for combustible engines.
  • Do not clean with gasoline.
  • Do not use gasoline to start fires, woodstoves or barbeques.
  • Store gasoline and other flammable liquids out of the reach of children.

Summer Sun Safety

  • Sunburn and sun exposure should not be taken lightly. Sunburn can occur in as little as 15 minutes
  • You can still get a sunburn on a cloudy day

First Aid for Sunburn

  • Apply cool baths or compresses for 10-15 minutes several times a day
  • An over the counter pain medication such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) may be helpful
  • Call the doctor for extremely painful sunburn, fever over 101, sunburn in an infant less than 1, or multiple blisters
  • Moisturize effected areas liberally and often with lotion
  • Do not apply petroleum jelly, ointments or butter to the sunburn. They make the symptoms worse and do not allow air to assist in healing
  • Do not wash burned skin with harsh soap
  • Drink extra fluids to prevent dehydration, avoiding alcohol & caffeine

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke

  • Heat exhaustion results from spending too much time in the heat, even when not directly in the sun, like in a hot car or house
  • Heat stroke is caused by overexposure to direct sunlight, with or without physical activity and is considered a medical emergency

Scald Burns

  • Scald injuries are painful and require prolonged treatment
  • Can result in lifetime scarring and even death.
  • Prevention is always preferable to treatment and can be accomplished through simple changes in behavior and the home environment.
  • Can happen to anyone, but young children, older adults and people with disabilities are more at risk
  • Most happen in the house & are in connection with cooking or serving hot food or beverages. Scalds are also caused from hot tap water in bathtubs and showers

Smoking and Burns

  • If you smoke, do not smoke in bed or in any residential building
  • Make sure cigarettes are extinguished before leaving a room
  • Never throw a lit cigarette into bushes or grass, where it could start a fire
  • Dropped cigarettes are the leading cause of fire fatalities. The incidence of these fatal fires is higher when the person has also been drinking

Electrical Burns

  • Over 4,000 people suffer severe electrical burns each year, thousands more are injured in fires started by electricity
  • Electricity is in most homes and can injure someone you love
  • Check your appliance cords frequently to make sure they are not loose or frayed
  • Do not overload outlets
  • Do not place cords under carpets or walkways, wear and tear could damage the cord and cause a fire
  • Halogen light bulbs emit intense heat, up to 1100 degrees Fahrenheit. Bulbs stay hot long after they have been turned off
  • Do not use electrical appliances in or near showers or bathtubs
  • Up to 100 people die each year in the U.S. From lightening strikes. Severe weather occurs with little warning, seek shelter or stay inside as soon as you see lightning